International Maritime Organization
The International Maritime Organization – IMO is a specialized and technical body of the United Nations System, originated in 1948, the year in which the Establishing Convention of the Organization was adopted at a Diplomatic Conference held in Geneva. In this way, the IMO, initially known as the Intergovernmental Maritime Consultative Organization – IMCO, currently has 174 Member States and 3 Associate Members.
IMO is the global authority responsible for setting standards for safety, protection and environmental behavior for the international maritime transport. In that sense, its main function is to create a fair and effective regulatory framework for the sector.
Therefore, the Organization is focused on developing international regulations, which must be adopted and applied by the maritime administrations of each State.
Since its establishment, IMO has promoted the adoption of around 50 conventions and protocols, as well as more than 1,000 codes and recommendations on maritime security and protection, pollution prevention, facilitation of maritime transport, limitation of civil liability, among others aspects.