is famous for many things; coffee, gold, landscapes and the charm of its people.The country is located in the north of the South America continent. Its area covers more than one million square kilometers of land and one hundred square kilometers of water, which makes the country the 26th largest nation in the world. The neighbouring Countries of Colombia are Panama, Ecuador, Peru, Brazil and Venezuela
Colombia has an incredible biodiversity, it has more than 130,000 different plant species on its soil thanks to its range of climates and eco-systems. There’s a place for every plant. A few things create as much awe and affection as the quality and variety of its flowers. Millions of plants blooming across the country in every color of the rainbow, are one of the many reasons why Colombian flowers are so special.
Colombia is home to a wide variety of animals—such as the pink river dolphin—that inhabit our territory thanks to its climate, soil, and altitudinal layer diversity. One of Colombia’s biggest attractions is the immense variety of flora and fauna adorning all its regions. Consequently, the best way to access this breathtaking magic is by traveling the country.
More information about Colombia:
Political and administrative organization:
Colombia is organized in 1123 municipalities, 32 departments and 5 districts. Today, Colombia is organised territorially by departments, municipalities and districts, mainly. Other special divisions are the provinces, the indigenous territorial entities and collective territories.
A municipality is a territorial entity organized administrative and legally. It is directed by the figure of a mayor, who governs along with a municipal; both figures are elected by popular vote. Colombia has 1123 municipalities.
Located between the nation and the municipality, the departments are headed by a Governor responsible for the autonomous administration of the resources granted by the State. They have autonomy in the handling of matters related to their jurisdiction and operate as entities between the nation and the municipalities. They are administered by a governor and an Assembly of deputies elected in popular elections. In Colombia there are 32 departmental units.
The districts are territorial entities with a special administration. Because of its national importance, in Colombia, the cities of Bogotá, Cartagena, Barranquilla, Santa Marta and Buenaventura carry this badge.
(Taken from colombia.co)
Visa not required: Citizens of the following countries do not require a TP-11, TP-12 or TP-13 Visa, to enter and temporarily stay in the country: Germany, Andorra, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Barbados, Belgium, Belize, Bolivia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Bhutan, Canada, Czech Republic, Chile, Cyprus, Korea (Republic of), Costa Rica, Croatia, Denmark, Dominica, Ecuador, El Salvador, United Arab Emirates, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, United States of America, Estonia, Fiji, Philippines, Finland, France, Georgia, Grenada, Greece , Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Hungary, Indonesia, Ireland, Iceland, Marshall Islands, Solomon Islands, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Malta, Mexico, Micronesia, Monaco, Montenegro , Norway, New Zealand, The Netherlands, Palau, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Dominican Republic, Romania, Russia (Federation of), San Cristobal and Snow, Samoa, San Marin or, Saint Lucia, Holy See, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Serbia, Singapore, Sweden, Switzerland, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Turkey, Uruguay, Venezuela.
Holders of passports from Hong Kong - SARG China, holders of passports of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta, holders of passports of Taiwan-China, Nicaraguan nationals who prove to be natives of the Autonomous Region of the North Caribbean Coast and of the Autonomous Region of the South Caribbean Coast.
The nationals of Cambodia, India, Nicaragua, Myanmar, the People's Republic of China, Thailand and Vietnam can enter Colombia and remain temporarily in the national territory without a visa if they prove:
- To be holders of a residence permit for a State of the Schengen Area or the United States of America.
- To be holders of the Schengen visa or visa of the United States of America with the minimum validity of 180 days at the time of entry into the national territory.
- For Nicaraguan nationals, this permit also applies if they prove to be holders of a Canadian visa or have a Canadian residence permit.
Albania, Algeria, Armenia, Bahrain, Benin, Belarus, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cape Verde, Cameroon, Chad, Comoros, Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau , Equatorial Guinea, Haiti, India, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Kiribati, Kosovo, Kuwait, Lesotho, Macedonia, Madagascar, Malawi, Maldives, Mali, Morocco, Mauritius, Mauritania, Moldova, Mongolia, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal, Nicaragua, Niger, Oman, Central African Republic, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Seychelles, Swaziland, Thailand, Tanzania, Tajikistan, East Timor, Togo, Tonga, Tunisia, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Vietnam, Zambia and Zimbabwe. --
If you want to have more information about travelling in Colombia, you can visit the following website
Colombia is famed for its great climatic diversity, including its deserts, tropical rainforests, savannas, prairies and mountain ranges. Its mountainous regions are so diverse, they are often described as tierra caliente (hot land) tierra templada (temperate land) tierra fria (cold land) tierra helada (frozen land) and paramo.
These are the five categories most commonly used:
The Warm Zone
The warm zone lies between sea level and 1,000 meters. This step is all about the tropics – tropical plains, heavy rains and high temperatures. The warm zone is the best place in Colombia to find birds (almost 50 species) mammals (17 species) and reptiles (13 species) It is also excellent for agriculture and is ideal for cultivating bananas, pineapples, cacao, mangoes and watermelon, among other crops.
The Temperate Zone The temperate zone lies between 1,000 and 2,000 meters above sea level and the average temperature drops to between 17 and 22C. While temperate zones are great for humans, they also suit mammals, birds and some reptiles. The temperate zone is better for some key Colombian crops though, including coffee, flowers, avocadoes, cereals, apples, peaches and papayas.
The Cold Zone Colombia’s cold zone lies between 2,000 and 3,000 meters above sea level and its here that Colombia’s cloud forests begin. Average temperatures lie between 10 and 17 °C, although there is marginally less rainfall than in the upper reaches of the temperate zone. Bogota is found in this climate step. The cold zone is home to plenty of bird species, around 25, but fewer mammals and almost no reptiles are found here.
The Paramo Zone Life gets cold in paramo zones, 3,000 to 4,000 meters above sea level, where temperatures fall below 10 °C. There may be little rain, but there are icy winds and frequent snowfall. Colombia has one of the world’s largest paramo zones, the Sumapaz Paramo in the Cundinamarca/Boyaca area of the Andes. Paramos do tend to hold a lot of water, which means most Colombian rivers are born in these zones.
The Glacier Zone Colombia’s glaciers sit 4,000 meters above sea level. Most Colombian glaciers rest high in the Andes, where very few people and animals live due to the extremely cold weather.
(Taken from colombia.co)
The Colombian peso or COP. The entity in charge of its control is the Bank of the Republic. The circulation notes in nominal value, there are $ 1,000, $ 2,000, $ 5,000, $ 10,000, $ 20,000, $50.00 and $100.000 bills and $50 $ 100, $ 200, $ 500 and $ 1,000 coins.
1 Dollar = $ 3,172 Colombian Pesos
Due to its location and the diversity of cultures that have entered the country, several ethnic groups have emerged which represent our roots, full of flavor and joy. Colombia has one of the most representative ethnic presences in South America.
Colombia’s ethnic and cultural diversity is due to its geographic location at the doorway of South America, a place of strategic passage connecting the North and the South of the continent, as well as a historically important point of arrival for Spaniards and Africans coming to the Americas.
The plurality of ethnic groups represents a source of national pride and contributes significantly to the Colombian intangible cultural heritage index. For example, around 64 Amerindian languages are spoken in our country, in addition to creole languages such as bandé, palenquero, and romaní.
(Taken from colombia.co)
Cartagena de Indias is the most important tourist destination in Colombia and one of the most outstanding and recognized tourist sites in the world. It really is an awesome and wonderful place for any kind of vacation we want to have. In the city we find Hotels for all budgets and very good Restaurants. More information.
It is the entity in charge of promoting Tourism, Foreign Investment in Colombia, Non-mining energy exports and the image of the country. Through the national and international network of offices, it offers support and comprehensive advice to clients, through services or instruments aimed at facilitating the design and execution of its internationalization strategy, which seeks the generation, development and closing of business opportunities. More information here.
Cartagena de Indias, its original name, is located in northern Colombian coast and facing the Caribbean Sea, Cartagena is a city with an average temperature of 31 ° C/ 88 °F and humidity of 85%.
Cartagena —or as its inhabitants call it, ‘La Heroica’ (the Heroic City)— is known around the world as a must-go to destination in Latin America. Cartagena’s ensemble of forts is not only the biggest in South America, but also one of the best preserved. Castles, stonewalls and colonial churches make of this lovely coastal city an ideal tourist destination where heritage blends with the ocean, creating the most romantic atmosphere.
Narrow streets made of stone hold the history of a heroic city with a privileged view of the ocean, contrasting with the modern architecture that has grown out of its walls. Bocagrande and Castillo Grande among others, exhibit the contemporary face of Cartagena.
The Colombian Nobel Prizewinning author, Gabriel García Márquez, was profoundly inspired by this city; two of his greatest books, The Love in the Time of Cholera and Of Love and Other Demons use Cartagena as the perfect scenery for these passionate love stories.
Tourism, industry, commerce and port logistics are the main economic activities. The maritime industry contributes 10% of jobs in Cartagena. The GDP of Cartagena contributes with around 2,5% of the national GDP.
The port zone of Cartagena is formed by 50 ports and maritime terminals part of the port: cargo, fishing, infrastructure, petrochemicals, chemical products, recreation and tourism are the activities framed in the maritime sector.
40 million tons are mobilized by the port of Cartagena and 3000 vessels transit annually through it, plus, 17 of its terminals are dedicated to foreign trade.
Vídeo promocional de Cartagena.